Tag Archives: Guinea

West African governments must integrate trained Ebola responders into community-based health systems

http://www.africa-newsroom.com/press/west-african-governments-must-integrate-trained-ebola-responders-into-communitybased-health-systems?lang=en

GENEVA, Switzerland, November 9, 2015/APO (African Press Organization)/ —

With the WHO declaration that the Ebola virus disease outbreak in Sierra Leone has now ended, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is calling upon all West African countries affected by the epidemic to integrate trained responders into their community-based health systems.

“Ebola-affected countries face many challenges in strengthening their healthcare systems,” said Alasan Senghore, IFRC director, Africa region. “Trained Red Cross volunteers have transferrable skills which can be used in future disease outbreaks. We call on the governments of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone to integrate these workers into community health systems as they begin to recover.”

Through its Community Events-Based Surveillance programme, the Red Cross in Sierra Leone has trained over 2,000 community-based volunteers to act as an early-warning system for Ebola and other epidemics. This engagement and surveillance at the community level, which will continue beyond the end of the epidemic, will strengthen the country’s response capacity and mitigate the human and economic impact of future outbreaks.

Since the start of the outbreak 20 months ago, more than 10,000 Red Cross volunteers have played a critical role in getting to zero cases, conducting safe and dignified burials, contact tracing, psychosocial support, surveillance and social mobilization, as well as operating two treatment centres.

“Our volunteers are among the many heroes of this operation,” said Senghore. “They were accused of spreading the virus and causing deaths. Some were verbally and physically threatened. Many were banned from their own communities. Yet, they never wavered in their commitment to rid their countries of this hideous virus.”

As the outbreak in Sierra Leone ends, the IFRC recognizes its responsibility to ensure that those who helped fight the virus are well supported as they reintegrate back into their communities.

“We have a duty to ensure that our frontline volunteers, who risked their lives to rid Sierra Leone of Ebola, do not suffer long term effects as a result of their heroic actions,” said Senghore. “Many responders continue to face stigmatization because of the invaluable role they played in ending the Ebola outbreak. We cannot abandon them now, and call on our partners to help us, help them.”

One project has already been established to facilitate the reintegration of 800 Red Cross Ebola workers in Sierra Leone. The joint 1.8 million Swiss franc project with UNDP aims to reskill frontline Ebola responders through scholarships, business empowerment grants, vocational training and career mentoring. Ongoing psychosocial support will continue to be provided, to help responders cope with any stigma they may face.

“It may be challenging for them to find a new job or return to school. This joint project with our partners at UNDP will help make that transition as smooth as possible,” added Senghore.

A similar project with UNDP is also planned when the Ebola outbreak ends in Guinea, which continues to report fewer than ten confirmed cases a month.

In Liberia, Red Cross volunteers received a negotiated package to assist them as they integrated into new employment, when the outbreak was declared over in September.

Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

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WHO – Ebola Situation Report – 4 November 2015

http://apps.who.int/ebola/current-situation/ebola-situation-report-4-november-2015

Ebola Situation Report - 4 November 2015

  • One new confirmed case of Ebola virus disease (EVD) was reported from Guinea in the week to 1 November. The case is the newborn child of a 25-year-old woman who was confirmed as a case in the prefecture of Forecariah during the previous week…
  • Case incidence has remained at 5 confirmed cases or fewer per week for 14 consecutive weeks…
Country Case definition Cumulative cases Cases in past 21 days Cumulative deaths
Guinea Confirmed 3351 7 2083
Probable 453 * 453
Suspected 6 *
Total 3810 7 2536
Liberia§ Confirmed 3151
Probable 1879
Suspected 5636
Total 10 666 4806
Liberia** Confirmed 6 0 2
Probable * *
Suspected *
Total 6 0 2
Sierra Leone Confirmed 8704 0 3589
Probable 287 * 208
Suspected 5098 * 158
Total 14 089 0 3955
Total Confirmed 15 212 7
Probable 2619 *
Suspected 10 740 *
Total 28 571 7 11 299

Health chiefs trace almost 60 ‘close contacts’ of Ebola nurse Pauline Cafferkey

http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/13842256.Health_chiefs_trace_almost_60__close_contacts__of_Ebola_nurse_Pauline_Cafferkey/

“…the health board said: “The rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine offered is currently being trialled with the World Health Organisation and has been tested around 7000 people during the recent outbreak of Ebola virus infection in Guinea

“It is an unlicensed vaccine, currently being trialled. “

WHO – Ebola Situation Report – 30 September 2015

http://apps.who.int/ebola/current-situation/ebola-situation-report-30-september-2015

WHO - Ebola Situation Report - 30 September 2015
There were 4 confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported in the week to 27 September, all in Guinea. Case incidence has remained below 10 cases per week since the end of July this year. Over the same period, transmission of the virus has been geographically confined to several small areas in western Guinea and Sierra Leone, marking a transition to a distinct, third phase of the epidemic

Table 1: Confirmed, probable, and suspected EVD cases in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone

Country Case definition Cumulative cases Cases in past 21 days Cumulative deaths
Guinea Confirmed 3344 6 2080
Probable 453 * 453
Suspected 8 *
Total 3805 6 2533
Liberia§ Confirmed 3151
Probable 1879
Suspected 5636
Total 10 666 4806
Liberia** Confirmed 6 0 2
Probable * *
Suspected *
Total 6 0 2
Sierra Leone Confirmed 8704 5 3589
Probable 287 * 208
Suspected 4920 * 158
Total 13 911 5 3955
Total Confirmed 15 205 11
Probable 2619 *
Suspected 10 564 *
Total 28 388 11 11 296

Note: All data and comments above are verbatim from sitrep site.

WHO – Ebola Situation Report – 5 August 2015

http://apps.who.int/ebola/current-situation/ebola-situation-report-5-august-2015
WHO - Ebola Situation Report - 5 August 2015
There were 2 confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported in the week to 2 August: 1 in Guinea and 1 in Sierra Leone. This is the lowest weekly total to have been reported since March 2014, and marks a third consecutive decline in weekly case incidence

Country Case definition Cumulative cases Cases in past 21 days Cumulative deaths
Guinea Confirmed 3327 27 2070
Probable 452 * 452
Suspected 5 *
Total 3784 27 2522
Liberia§ Confirmed 3151
Probable 1879
Suspected 5636
Total 10 666 4806
Liberia** Confirmed 6 0 2
Probable 0 *
Suspected *
Total 6 0 2
Sierra Leone Confirmed 8695 7 3585
Probable 287 * 208
Suspected 4424 * 158
Total 13 406 7 3951
Total Confirmed 15 179 34
Probable 2618 *
Suspected 10 065 *
Total 27 862 34 11 281
Data not available. **Cases reported before 9 May 2015 are shaded blue. Due to ongoing surveillance and retrospective validation of cases and deaths, these totals may be subject to revision.

Note: The question which needs to be addressed is the the validity of the PCR tests themselves. 11281 confirmed “Ebola” deaths?

WHO – Ebola Situation Report – 22 July 2015

http://apps.who.int/ebola/current-situation/ebola-situation-report-22-july-2015

There were 26 confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported in the week to 19 July: 22 in Guinea and 4 in Sierra Leone. Liberia reported no new cases
Ebola Situation Report - 22 July 2015

Country Case definition Cumulative cases Cases in past 21 days Cumulative deaths
Guinea Confirmed 3322 53 2062
Probable 450 * 450
Suspected 11 *
Total 3783 53 2512
Liberia§ Confirmed 3151
Probable 1879
Suspected 5636
Total 10 666 4806
Liberia** Confirmed 6 6 2
Probable 0 *
Suspected *
Total 6 6 2
Sierra Leone Confirmed 8692 27 3583
Probable 287 * 208
Suspected 4271 * 158
Total 13 250 27 3949
Total Confirmed 15 171 86
Probable 2616 *
Suspected 9918 *
Total 27 705 86 11 269

Note: Data published by WHO. Its veracity or omissions reside with them and their partner organisations.

WHO – Ebola Situation Report – 8 July 2015

http://apps.who.int/ebola/current-situation/ebola-situation-report-8-july-2015
WHO sitrep 8 july 2015 bar chart

  • There were 30 confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported in the week to 5 July: 18 in Guinea, 3 in Liberia, and 9 in Sierra Leone
  • Liberia was declared free of Ebola transmission on 9 May 2015, after reporting no new cases for 42 consecutive days. The country subsequently entered a 3-month period of heightened surveillance, during which approximately 30 blood samples and oral swabs are collected each day from potential cases and tested for EVD. On 29 June, this routine surveillance detected a confirmed case of EVD in Margibi County, Liberia—the first new confirmed case reported from the country since 20 March. The case was a 17-year-old male who first became ill on 21 June, died on 28 June, and subsequently tested positive for EVD. Two contacts of the first-detected case have since been confirmed as EVD-positive. These additional cases are from the same small community as the first-detected case, and are now being treated in an Ebola Treatment Centre (ETC) in the capital, Monrovia. In addition, a probable case is in isolation at an ETC. The case has a strong epidemiological link to the first-detected case and is showing some symptoms of EVD, but has indeterminate test results for EVD. The origin of infection of the cluster of cases is currently under investigation. At present, these cases are considered to constitute a separate outbreak from that which was declared over on 9 May.

Table 1: Confirmed, probable, and suspected EVD cases in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone

Country Case definition Cumulative cases Cases in past 21 days Cumulative deaths
Guinea Confirmed 3287 42 2049
Probable 450 * 450
Suspected 11 *
Total 3748 42 2499
Liberia§ Confirmed 3151§
Probable 1879§
Suspected 5636§
Total 10 666§ 4806§
Liberia** Confirmed 3 3 1
Probable 1 1
Suspected *
Total 4 4 1
Sierra Leone Confirmed 8674 25 3574
Probable 287 * 208
Suspected 4194 * 158
Total 13 155 25 3940
Total Confirmed 15 115 70
Probable 2617 1
Suspected 9841 *
Total 27 573 71 11 246