Tularemia is a disease of animals and humans caused by the bacterium . Rabbits, hares, and rodents are especially susceptible and often die in large numbers during outbreaks. Humans can become infected through several routes, including:
Symptoms vary depending upon the route of infection. Although tularemia can be life-threatening, most infections can be treated successfully with antibiotics.
Steps to prevent tularemia include:
Use of insect repellent
Wearing gloves when handling sick or dead animals
Avoiding mowing over dead animals
In the United States, naturally occurring infections have been reported from all states except Hawaii.